non GM technologies to deliver true to type varieties with superior traits
NEW BREEDING TECHNOLOGIES
Farmers will need crops that are resistant to specific negative climate conditions and need less water. This is now possible through the use of new breeding technologies.
Alda Shkoza, Senior Agricultural Research Scientist
In plant breeding, there is a risk that some cultivars will show less seed sets or even no seed production at all. When this happens, we need to consider other possibilities of how to create new varieties. One option could be the application of mutation breeding. With the use of mutation breeding new and exciting possibilities for new variations in your breeding program become accessible. It is possible to create unique flower colours and new flower formation, compact plants, new and exciting leaf shapes and colours. Gamma irradiation induces mutations in the plant genome which results in new phenotypes. Inducing mutation is short cuts breeding period for new varieties, because you don’t need to wait for spontaneous mutations.
During the mutation, breeding plants are exposed to a defined dose of gamma irradiation, which creates e.g. new flower colours and shapes. Gamma irradiation are high energy short waves, and it is this energy which induces changes in the plant DNA. Irradiation is only active during the treatment and is not harmful for people or the environment after treatment.
The use of gamma irradiation can substitute the application of chemicals and thereby reduce the risk of work accidents.
By inducing mutations in functionally validated genes, for example by genome editing, our precision breeding platform delivers levels of trait expression beyond the existing range of phenotypic expression. This enables IP protection and delivers (pre) breeding material or even true to type varieties with one superior trait. Creating crops with improved traits such as reproduction traits, biotic and abiotic stress, via high precision genome editing.
Perpetuum uses protoplast and cytoplast systems for our precision breeding technologies which results in non-GM plants.
Proven & robust
Mutation breeding is built on mutation induction and mutation detection. It has many comparative advantages: it is cost effective, quick, proven and robust. It is also transferrable, ubiquitously applicable, non-hazardous and environmentally friendly. More than 3,200 mutant varieties – including numerous crops, ornamentals and trees – have officially been released for commercial use in more than 210 plant species from over 70 countries.
(Source: FAO/IAEA Mutant Varieties Database)